Country Information

Afghanistan is a country rich in history. This is where Alexander the great married his Afghani wife, Roxanne. After recovery from a civil war, the United States withdrew its troops in September 2021. Currently, Afghanistan has no internationally recognized government and is in economic crisis. A majority of firms and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) operating in Afghanistan use informal financial services to make payments.

Employment Contracts

Termination of employment can occur due to the end of the contract term, cessation of work for more than six months, reduction in force, or repeated violations following disciplinary warnings. Most other termination is only allowed if it is not feasible to transfer the employee to another similar job within the organization. Employers are required to notify employees one month prior to termination. Employers must pay severance for employees in several circumstances with the amount based on years of service.

Working Hours

The standard work week is 40 hours over five days. Employees are entitled to a percentage of basic wages for overtime during the work week, weekends and holidays. Special rules apply to younger workers for work performed at night.

Sick Leave

Employees receive 20 days of paid sick leave a year. If an employee is sick for more than five consecutive days, a note from a doctor or health organization may be required.

Maternity/Paternity Leave

Female employees receive 90 days of paid maternity leave. Thirty days are taken prior to the birth and the remaining 60 days are taken following the birth. There is no statutory paternity leave.

Compensation

Government workers are entitled to a basic minimum wage in Afghanistan. There is no minimum wage for private workers.

Vacation Leave

Employees receive between 20 and 30 days paid annual leave, depending on age, type of work and length of service. Most employees receive 20 days of annual leave.

Public Holidays

The following public holidays are observed in Afghanistan:

  • Twenty-sixth of Dalw (withdrawal of former USSR forces from Afghanistan)
  • The first day of the Year (Nawruz)
  • The first day of Holy RamadanEight of Sawr (Victory of the Islamic Revolution of Afghanistan)
  • The days of Eid-e-Feter
  • The days of Arafat and Eid-ul-Adha
  • Tenth of Muharram-ul-Haram (the day of Ashura)
  • Twenty-eight of Asad (Independence Day)
  • Twelfth of Rabi-ul-Awal, the birthday of Hazrat-e-MuhammadThere are four regional holidays observed in Kabul.
Health Insurance Benefits

Afghanistan provides a healthcare system to its citizens including public and private healthcare.

Employment / Termination / Severance

Termination of employment can occur due to the end of the contract term, cessation of work for more than six months, reduction in force or repeated violations following disciplinary warnings. Most other termination is only allowed if it is not feasible to transfer the employee to another similar job within the organization. Employers are required to notify employees one month prior to termination. Employers must pay severance for employees in several circumstances with the amount based on years of service.

Local Laws & Regulations

We understand that local laws and regulations change and sourcing an accurate reference guide is not easy. Our data is researched and verified by our team of local international Employment Attorneys, HR and Benefit Professionals and Tax Accountants through our Atlas team and consultants, to ensure information up-to-date and accurate.

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Partnering with Atlas when expanding into Afghanistan, can dramatically reduce the standard brick and mortar processes of doing business in foreign markets and allow you to focus on what you do best, growing your company! To discover more about how Atlas can simplify your ability to expand globally, please feel free to contact us.
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