Greece is located in southeastern Europe. Although most of Greece’s territory and population is on the European mainland, Greece also includes thousands of islands in the Aegean, Ionian and Mediterranean Seas, more than 200 of which are inhabited. Greek civilization dates back to ancient times, with the first Olympic games held in Greece more than 2,500 years ago, and people around the world still study ancient Greek science and philosophy today.
Trade has always been a vital part of Greece’s economy, and today the port of Piraeus, in Greece’s capital Athens, is an important shipping center in the eastern Mediterranean and among the busiest ports in Europe. Tourism is also a major industry, with millions of tourists coming each year to enjoy the many beaches along Greece’s coastline, which is more than 13,000 kilometers long (over 8,000 miles). Agriculture is another major industry, with Greek olives and figs enjoyed by people around the world. Greece is also an important supplier of metals and minerals for industry, particularly aluminum and bauxite.