Employment contracts in Iraq are required to be in the Arabic language. The use of Kurdish is also recognized for business entered in the autonomous area of Kurdistan. Salaries and wages are to be paid in Iraqi dinars (IQD) unless the contract stipulates otherwise. Contracts are either made orally or in writing. However, the employer is advised to put any oral agreement into writing because, in the absence of one, both the employer and the employee bear the burden of proving an agreement exists.
There are four types of written contracts: a definite period contract, an indefinite contract, a performance-based contract and a part-time contract. The contract should include:
name of the employer,
type of project,
address of the employer,
name, date of birth, qualifications, profession, residence and nationality of the employee,
nature, type of work, duration and the date of starting the job,
methods of payment (checks, bank transfers),
payment dates (end of the week or month),
place of payment,
benefits and bonuses,
working hours and their determination method, and
probation period, which must not exceed three months.
The employer is required to make three signed copies of the contract, one for each party and a third to send to the Department of Employment and Loans at the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs.