Employers may terminate employees in Moldova for legally recognized reasons. Acceptable reasons may be related to the employer’s economic situation, the employee’s inability to perform their job or the employee’s conduct. The employer must provide one month of notice if terminating an employee for most performance reasons. Notice is not required if the employee is being terminated for severe misconduct. If an employer seeks to terminate an employee who is a member of a union, the employer must hold a preliminary consultation with the union before dismissing them. The union must indicate its agreement or disagreement within 10 days of the consultation.
An employee may quit their job by giving the employer 14 days of written notice. Employees who are retiring on pension, taking childcare leave, enrolling in an educational institution, moving or leaving their jobs for certain other legally recognized reasons may resign with a shorter notice period.
Fixed-term contracts normally terminate by expiration. If the employment relationship continues after the expiration date with neither the employer nor the employee terminating the contract, it is automatically converted to a contract for an indefinite term. In the event the employer is liquidating or closing down, employees receive severance pay equaling one average week of salary for every year worked, with a minimum of one month and maximum of six months of salary. The employer may owe additional severance payments in the second and third months after the termination if the employee has not found a new job.