Employers may only terminate employees in Montenegro for business reasons, poor performance or breaches of discipline. If an employer dismisses an employee because of the employee’s performance or conduct, the employer must first provide the employee a written warning. The employee must be allowed a minimum of five working days to respond. If, after reviewing the employee’s response, the employer decides to proceed with termination, the employee must be given a written notice explaining why the employee is being terminated and the employee’s legal remedy. The notice should be delivered to the employee in person if at all possible.
In some situations, the employer may terminate the employee immediately, without first issuing a warning. The employer may do this in situations in which the employee gave the employer inaccurate information when applying for their job, has abused the right to sick leave, has failed to return to work following an unpaid leave or has engaged in extreme misconduct after which the employer cannot reasonably be expected to continue the employment relationship (such as unexcused absences, insulting or being violent towards other employees or improperly disclosing confidential information). An employee who wishes to quit must provide 30 days of written notice.