North Macedonia is a landlocked country in southeastern Europe, bordering Greece, Bulgaria, Kosovo and Albania. It was part of Yugoslavia for most of the 20th century and became an independent country in 1991. North Macedonia called itself simply “Macedonia” until 2018, when it changed its name to resolve a longstanding dispute with Greece, which insisted that a region in Greece deserved the name Macedonia. North Macedonia sought entry into the EU in 2005 but still is not a member. Food, beverage, and tobacco processing are important industries in North Macedonia. It also produces iron, steel and other metallurgical products and textiles.