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zł (PLN)

Work Hours


Officially known as the Republic of Poland, this central European country has a rich history. The official language is Polish. Poland is a member of the European Union and has a promising, diversified economy. The service industry is the largest contributor to the economy, including financial services, retail, and tourism.

Employment contracts in Poland must be in writing and signed no later than the day the employee begins work. If the employee does not understand the Polish language, the employer must provide a translation in a language the employee does understand. Employment contracts are generally for an indefinite term, a fixed term, or a trial period.

A contract for a trial period may not be for more than three months and may not be renewed outside of a few very specific situations. Contracts for a fixed term may be for a set time or until certain conditions are satisfied, such as the return of another employee from a temporary absence or the completion of specified tasks. If a fixed-term contract is for a set period of time, it may be renewed no more than two times, and all the contracts combined may not have a term longer than 33 months. If a fixed-term contract is renewed a third time, it automatically converts to a contract for an indefinite term.

At a minimum, the employment contract must state:

  • the identities of the parties,

  • the type of contract (indefinite, fixed-term, or trial period),

  • the date the contract is executed,

  • the workplace,

  • a description of the type of work,

  • salary details, and

  • working hours.

The standard work week in Poland is 40 hours across five days. Longer hours are permitted for up to one month if there is an urgent need and the longer days are balanced by shortened hours on other days. Production enterprises that run continuously may have work weeks that average 43 hours over a four-week period and workdays of up to 12 hours.

In most businesses, overtime is only allowed in emergencies or when the employer has a specific need that must be met. It is capped at eight hours per week and 150 hours per year. Overtime is paid at 150% of the employee's standard rate, or 200% if the employee works overtime hours at night, on a Sunday or holiday, or on a day that the employee was scheduled to have off from work. The employee may choose to be compensated with time off rather than with overtime pay. Executives and senior managers are entitled to overtime for working on a Sunday or holiday, but not for working more than 40 hours per week on average.

Employees receive 33 days of paid sick leave in Poland. Sick leave pay is paid by the employer for 33 days at a rate of 80% of standard pay. After 33 days, employees receive a benefit payment from social security for up to 180 days. For employees aged 50 or over, the employer pays only the first 14 days of illness, after which the employee receives payments from social security. The social security benefit is generally the same amount as the employer-funded sick pay. The employee must submit a medical certificate.

Female employees receive 20 weeks of maternity leave in Poland. Maternity leave may start no earlier than six weeks before the estimated birth date, and the mother must submit a medical certificate confirming her pregnancy. She must take a minimum of 14 weeks of leave following the birth. If the mother does not use the full 20 weeks of maternity leave herself, she may transfer any unused time to the father. The mother is generally eligible for a social security benefit while on maternity leave.

Male employees receive two weeks of paternity leave, which may be taken any time before the child’s second birthday. Paternity leave must be requested in writing. It may be taken all at once or in two week-long segments.

Poland has a minimum wage. Performance-based bonuses are common in Poland.

Employees receive 20 or 26 days of paid annual leave in Poland depending of their years of service. Employees who have worked for less than 10 years (whether for one or multiple employers) receive 20 days of leave, while employees who have worked for 10 years or more receive 26 days. Employees who are employed for the first time accumulate 1/12 of their annual leave time for each month worked. Unused leave can be carried into the following year but must be used by September 30.

Employees are allowed to take four days of their allotted paid leave without prior notice and may take short periods of paid leave (one or two days) for family weddings, births and funerals. The employer makes a schedule for the employees’ leave, taking into account the employees’ requests. Employers adopt a standard method of announcing when employees will receive leave. Employees may also take unpaid leave, which must be requested in writing, with the employer’s consent.

In Poland, the public holidays are:

  • New Year’s Day

  • Epiphany

  • Easter Monday

  • Labor Day/May Day

  • Constitution Day

  • Corpus Christi

  • Assumption Day

  • All Saints’ Day

  • Independence Day

  • Christmas Day

  • Boxing Day

Poland has universal healthcare. Many employers provide private health insurance as an employee benefit.

In Poland, a notice of termination of an employment contract must be written, whether given by the employer or the employee. For employees on indefinite- or fixed-term contracts, the notice period is the same regardless of whether the employer or the employee is terminating the contract and depends on the length of time the employee has worked for the employer. Two weeks of notice are required if the employee has worked for the employer for six months or less, one month if the employee has worked for between six months and three years, and three months if they have worked for the employer for three years or more.

  • Local Laws & Regulations

    We understand that local laws and regulations change and sourcing an accurate reference guide is not easy. Our data is researched and verified by our team of local international Employment Attorneys, HR and Benefit Professionals and Tax Accountants through our Atlas team and consultants, to ensure information up-to-date and accurate.

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