Employment contracts in Portugal may be terminated at the end of the contract term (if for a fixed duration), by the employer, by the employee, or by mutual agreement between the parties. Employers can terminate an employment contract for just cause or misconduct by the employee, pursuant to a collective dismissal, for redundancy, or failure of the employee to adapt to the job. An employer may terminate an employee for misconduct without paying severance. While notice is not required when dismissing an employee for misconduct, employers must follow certain procedures, which include initiating action within 60 days of learning about the issue, notifying the employee in writing about the reason for dismissal and allowing the employee to respond.
Employers must provide notice:
15 days for employees with less than one year of service,
30 days for employees with one to five years of service,
60 days for employees with five years to 10 years of service, and
75 days for employees with more than 10 years of service.
Employers must also pay severance. Severance is generally 12 days of wages for every year of service but may be higher if the termination was unlawful.