Russia is the largest country in the world, spanning the easternmost part of Europe and northern Asia to the Pacific Ocean. It is home to almost 200 officially recognized ethnic groups. Russian is the national language, but there are more than 100 different languages spoken there. Most of the country is sparsely populated. Around 10% of Russia’s 145 million people live in and around the capital, Moscow, with another 5 million living in and around the second largest city, Saint Petersburg.
Russia is host to enormous deposits of natural resources. In addition to being a major producer and exporter of oil and gas, it is a world leader in production of uranium and tin. Its largest trading partners are China and the countries of Europe.