Bosnia & Herzegovina (abbreviated BiH and often referred to as simply “Bosnia”) is a southern European country that was formerly part of Yugoslavia and became independent in 1992. The country’s population is a mix of ethnic groups and nationalities. The country has a loose central government, under which are three largely self-governing entities: the Federation of Bosnia & Herzegovina (FBiH), Republika Srpska (RS), and the Brčko District (BD). Mining and metal processing are major industries. The country is home to one of the largest steel plants in the region and a large facility that produces aluminum alloys. Coal, iron ore, lead and zinc are additional important mineral exports. Bosnia & Herzegovina also produces finished wood, textiles and machinery.