The Gabonese Republic is a country located in Western Africa. French is the official language. Oil is responsible for more than 80% of the country’s exports. Gabon is rich in large deposits of natural gas as well. Gabon has extensive commercial ties with France and is currently courting other sources of foreign investment.
The employment contract should be written and contain both parties’ details, the salary, terms of employment, job description, annual leave, other leave, start date and end date, if applicable. Employers can use indefinite contracts for long term employment or a fixed term contract for a specific task that is no longer than 24 months. A fixed-term contract can be renewed once.
The workweek is 40 hours.
Employees receive up to six months of paid sick leave which is covered by the employer. After six months of illness, social security covers the sick leave pay
Female employees receive 14 weeks of fully paid maternity leave where six weeks are to be taken before the birth. This can be extended by three weeks in the event of a pregnancy related illness and two weeks in the event of multiple births. Male employees receive no statutory paternity leave, but emergency family leave can be used in lieu. Employees on maternity leave have their contracts protected.
Gabon has a minimum wage. Bonuses in form of a 13th month payment is common but not mandatory.
Employees receive two days of paid annual leave a month after a year of service. Those younger than 18 years old receive two and a half days of leave per month.
Gabon provides Universal healthcare.
The probation period is capped at six months while fixed-term contracts can be of up to 24 months and renewed once. The notice period varies depending on length of service. Severance pay depends on the length of service. An employment contract can be terminated for poor performance or misconduct. The employer must write to the employee and ask for an interview to discuss the reasons for dismissal. If the employer decides to terminate the contract, they must write a letter including the reason for dismissal.
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